Current Articles

Australia’s biosecurity procedures and preparedness

There is sometimes concern expressed in Australia and other countries that we do not specifically test imported food for the presence of antimicrobial resistant (AMR) bacteria. How significant is this threat and how do the biosecurity measures taken by Australia address these?

Mark Schipp     22-Sep-2016
Avian influenza. Why the concern?

Avian influenza normally has little impact on poultry and wild birds but since 1996, highly virulent viruses have emerged and continue to circulate in many countries. The results of these viruses have been devastating in domestic poultry and they have also spilled over into humans, infecting and killing hundreds and raising the opportunities for the virus to further adapt and possibly cause a future influenza pandemic. This article briefly details these events and discusses the consequences of these viruses continuing to circulate and cause dis...

Ian G Barr and Frank YK Wong     22-Sep-2016
Travel and tuberculosis

Australians frequently travel to countries with a high incidence of tuberculosis (TB). What risk does TB pose to travellers and what can be done to mitigate this risk?

Christopher Coulter     04-Oct-2016
Dengue and the introduction of mosquito-transmitted viruses into Australia

Dengue virus outbreaks involving 100s of cases periodically occur in north Queensland, the area of Australia where the primary mosquito vector, Aedes aegypti, occurs. This article summarises the ecology, history, current situation and control of dengue virus transmission in Australia and examines the threat posed by newly emergent arboviruses, such as Zika and chikungunya viruses.

Andrew F van den Hurk     22-Sep-2016
Pregnancy, the placenta and Zika virus (ZIKV) infection

Zika virus (ZIKV) infections have been recognised in Africa and Asia since 1940. The virus is in the family Flaviviridae and genus Flavivirus, along with Dengue, Japanese encephalitis virus, Tick borne encephalitis, West Nile virus, and Yellow fever virus. These viruses share biological characteristics of an envelope, icosahedral nucleocapsid, and a non-segmented, positive sense, single-strand RNA genome of ~10kb encoding three structural proteins (capsid C pre-membrane/membrane PrM/M, envelope E), and seven non-structural protein...

William Rawlinson     29-Sep-2016
From zero to zero in 100 years: gonococcal antimicrobial resistance

The threat of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in bacteria has been escalated to a rightful seat on the global health agenda. In September 2016, for only the fourth time in United Nations (UN) history, the UN General Assembly in New York will meet to focus on a health threat – antimicrobial resistance. Other diseases afforded this level of consultation at the UN were human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), non-communicable diseases and Ebola virus. There are grim predictions for the future in terms of AMR and health security that span income s...

Monica M Lahra, Jo-Anne R Dillon, CR Robert George, David A Lewis, Teodora E Wi and David M Whiley     05-Oct-2016
Foodborne disease associated with travel

The most important determinant of developing foodborne disease is travel destination. The risk is proportional to regions where there is a high level of unsanitary water supply, lack of food hygiene, lack of food safety regulation, fluctuating electricity supply and lack of education. In medium to high risk regions a travel kit, designed to prevent, minimise or treat the effects should be carried.

Prue Bramwell     03-Oct-2016

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A groundbreaking approach to understanding toxics and health.

The Australian Society of Microbiology

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Guide to Mosquitoes of Australia

Guide to Mosquitoes of Australia

Provides a comprehensive, user-friendly guide to the mosquitoes of Australia and key strategies for managing them.